After the flight begins the landing phase. The child straightens his legs forward and down and lands on the heels with the transition to the entire foot, flexing flexible in the knees. As you land, your hands are energetically lowered and slightly carried forward. Such work of hands is an important condition for maintaining equilibrium.You can not let fall forward. If the child is still losing balance, he must take a step or two forward, which will enable him to take a stable position.
To learn this kind of movements, certain conditions are necessary. For this purpose, a jumping pit is equipped in the kindergarten. Its width is 3-5 m, its length is 3-4 m. On four sides, the level of the pit is covered with planks, the edges of which are covered with thick rubber. A pit is filled with sand MO 40 cm. At a distance of 20-30 cm from the front edge hopping 1! (> Th pit dug bar 2-4 m, a width of 20-25 cm, 5 cm thick. The bar is located at soil level and will stay strong if two pegs 30-40 cm long, 4-5 cm in diameter, are pinned down to it from below, which are driven into the ground. A runway with a length of
m (with a bit width of 5 m, two tracks can also be laid, the distance between which is 2 m).
Learning to jump begins with familiarizing the children with the movement. On. At first, children perform a jump from a small takeoff – three or four steps. The aim is to teach how to combine the run with the push of one leg and a soft landing at the same time on both legs. As you master the technique of the jump, the run increases, reaching 6-8 m for the children of the older group and 8-10 m for the preparatory children for the school group.
At the stage of in-depth learning and further improvement, attention is paid to the gradual increase in the take-off speed, vigorous repulsion, hand movements: legs, grouping in the phase of flight, the softness of landing.
When jumping in the long run, children experience some shortcomings, the elimination of which is an important task of training. The most common of them are presented in Table. 2. Here, too, instructions are given for their correction.
Disadvantages that occur when running a long jump from a take-off in children of preschool age, and guidance on how to correct them
|Disadvantages when jumping in length from takeoff||Directions for correction|
|Race-up with a slowdown
Running, legs wide apart
Flexion in the hip joints (inclination of the shoulders forward and retraction of the pelvis) at the moment of repulsion
Later repulsion, as if after
Absence or very weak swing by hands in the repulsion phase
Absence of jogging of the jogging leg to the flywheel during the flight phase. Landing on one leg Insufficient grouping (or lack of it) in the phase of flight Landing on socks _
|Perform: running on the spot; run in a straight line with acceleration. Perform:runofff from low slides ;running after the leader; running race
Run between two drawn lines; run between two cords at a height of up to 20-22 cm, which form a corridor 6-10 m long, 25-20 cm wide Observe the posture (the straight position of the trunk)
Vigorously put your foot in the place of repulsion. Apply special exercises for the development of hand movements. Perform a jump from a small run-3-4 steps
Pull your legs to your chest
Perform a jump from a small run-up with a landing on the heels, with the transition to the entire foot, flexibly bending the legs in the lap